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Nation Getting All Charged Up Over Electric Cars
May 22, 2008

Dina Kraft
Jewish Telegraphic Agency

TEL AVIV

In a land of high gas prices and no oil resources, Israel is positioning itself to lead the world into the age of the electric car.

With $200 million in funding from private investors and enthusiastic support from the Israeli government, a young Israeli high-tech multimillionaire, Shai Agassi, is laying the groundwork for Israel to become the first test case for the gasoline-free electric car.

His company is planning to establish a network of battery-recharging areas across Israel by 2011. Renault-Nissan will begin introducing electric cars to the Israeli market as soon as next year.

"What we are doing is something that should have happened already," says Dafna Agassi, marketing director of the Israel office of Shai Agassi's Project Better Place, which is based in California.
The electric-powered Renault-Nissan sedan is one type of contemporary car that Israel hopes will gain popularity in the next few years.

"The consumer pays for gas, and the prices are going up every day. The solution is here: It's the electric car."

Tax Incentives for Buyers
Given Israel's small size, dearth of oil resources and location in an oil-rich yet hostile neighborhood, the Jewish state is an ideal testing ground for electric autos.

Eager to reduce the country's dependence on gasoline and reduce car-generated pollution, the Israeli government has already pledged to offer significant tax incentives for buyers of electronic cars. If successful, the electric-car venture could make Israel the world's leader in the industry.

That's precisely what Agassi and the Israeli government want.

"Think about what happened with Finland and Nokia -- it sprung an entire industry," Dafna Agassi said of the mobile-phone phenomenon. "We are starting the field here. Imagine bringing this to other countries and the potential impact is huge."

The cars will run on lithium-iron batteries, provided by Project Better Place, that should last for about 124 miles before needing to be recharged.

This should suit the typical Israeli driver, who on average drives fewer than 45 miles per day. For longer trips, battery-swap stations will serve as a safety net, said the company.

"Environmentally, I thought it's the best idea I've ever heard of, and secondly, it made a lot of financial sense," said Idan Ofer, a leading Israeli businessman and the project's main investor.

Ofer spoke by phone from his SUV, which he says he plans to trade in for an electric car next year: By "deploying faster than any other country on the planet," Israel will map out and discover the best ways to implement the electric-car system.

Project Better Place can then take that know-how to other traffic-clogged cities.

Ofer says that he plans to bring the idea to China, where he has shares in a local car company.

Renault-Nissan will be the first to bring its electric cars to Israel, but the market will soon open to other companies.

"Zero emission, zero noise," Renault-Nissan chief executive Carlos Ghosn said when he was in Jerusalem in January to inaugurate the project. "It will be the most environmentally friendly mass-produced car on the market."

Not Alternative Energy
Although electric cars are expected to reduce emissions and make Israeli cities quieter, they will still use fossil fuels.

For the time being, the power stations that supply energy to the recharging points will run mostly on coal and oil.

"As I understand it, it has no relation to alternative energy," said Micha Asscher, a professor of physical chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

"It's a nice idea that our cars will gradually be driven by electric power -- for the quiet and less pollution in the cities -- but it is not alternative energy," he emphasized.

By contrast, in Denmark, which signed on to the project after Israel, power stations are fueled at least in part by wind power.

According to Ofer, whose family holdings include oil refineries, Israel is making a gradual transition to more environmentally friendly sources of energy for its power stations, including the country's most plentiful resource -- solar power.

The major expense of an electric car is its battery. To tackle that challenge, Project Better Place is establishing a battery-charging payment system similar to the way customers pay for the air time on their cellular phones.

Car owners will not own their batteries. Those who purchase cars will pay monthly fees based on their expected mileage. Cars will be recharged both via plug-in charge units at malls and parking garages, and some 100 battery-replacement stations along highways, where batteries will be replaced for longer journeys.

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Great news! A major step in the right direction. Once the recharging is done by renewable energy, vs. oil & coal, we'll REALLY be on our way. In the U.S., we might skip -- or rely only temporarily -- on biofuels, except perhaps as one means of generating the electricity for recharging.
I have heard that there have been major breakthroughs in solar technology and if that could be translated into more and more homes becoming self-sufficient energy-wise at affordable prices. It would make sense for homes that generate excess energy could feed into the grid during the day and in the evenings electric cars could take advantage of off-peak electricity to recharge their batteries.

Another issue is the best way to travel beyond the stored capacity of the new batteries which at best would be around 100 to 120 miles. Some of the new electric car companies are saying that the way to go is to set up rapid charging stations that could recharge your battery in about 10 minutes. Others, like the Israeli experiment will rely on battery switching stations, and finally some prefer a hybrid system such as will be used on the Chevy Volt which uses fossil fuel to power an electric generator once the battery has been depleted of its charge. It will be fascinating to see which method will be preferred in the long run.

Who knows, maybe some of the scientists involved with the Orion Projects will be key in figuring out the best way to go.
www.TheOrionProject.org

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